In the past few years, with the support of technology, surgeons have adapted and perfected the art of laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. The use of laparoscopic surgery has immensely increased over time. This technique can be used for exploratory needs, as well as for treatment. Let’s understand more about the procedure, its scope, advantages, risks, and more.
Laparoscopic surgery is a technique that allows surgeons to treat or explore organs of the body through keyhole incisions. In recent times, this technique is being used for general surgeries, gynecological surgeries, and orthopedic surgeries. While traditional or open surgeries involve a big incision to enter the surgical field, laparoscopic surgery involves several small cuts or incisions.
A surgeon performs laparoscopic surgeries under general anesthesia. Surgeons make multiple 0.5-1cm incisions, known as ports, through which they insert tubular instruments or trochars. Surgeons then pass a laparoscope and other specialized narrow instruments through the trochars. The laparoscope has a camera that transmits high-resolution images and videos on the screen in the operation theater. The laparoscope guides the surgeons through the surgical field, and the other instruments facilitate cutting and sewing.
Complications are far less common in keyhole surgeries in comparison with open surgeries.
Surgeons are currently working with other variations of this technique. In some cases, the incision or port made is large enough to insert the surgeon’s hand. This surgery technique is known as hand-assisted laparoscopy. The incision in this technique is still smaller than that of open surgery.
Robotic-assisted laparoscopy is another technique that involves a console through which a surgeon operates, using robotic arms. It allows surgeons to perform more precise movements and smaller incisions.
After surgery, the patient shifts to a recovery room or post-surgery room. The patient is usually groggy and confused due to the anesthesia. Doctors and nurses check on the vitals and look out for any adverse symptoms.
Once the patient is alert and able to eat, drink, and pass urine, they shift to a regular room. The patient’s family is allowed to visit at this time. The nurse instructs on wound cleaning, bathing, and surgical site care. Doctors recommend medicines, especially for constipation and pain management. Doctors also mention follow-up appointments that the patient should never skip.
At this time, doctors may also recommend home post-surgical care programs for remote monitoring. Additionally, such platforms give patients access to 24x7 care coaches, medical information, recovery-related reminders, dietary, psychologist, physiotherapist support, among others.
Complete recovery can take a few days up to twelve weeks, spending on the procedure, patient’s health, and complications. Diagnostic or exploratory laparoscopic procedures can take up to five days to heal. One may resume daily activities after three weeks if they undergo minor laparoscopic surgery like appendix removal. A patient with major laparoscopic surgery may take over twelve weeks to recover.
A patient should connect with a medical professional and seek medical advice if they notice the following signs and symptoms -
This article is written by DayToDay Health. For information on post-surgical care services after laparoscopic surgery, connect with us at https://bit.ly/39YfFLw.